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Places of Historical Interest

For centuries, the town of Bialogard developed as any other town in Western Pomerania. Strong German influence resulted in granting a charter to the town under the Lubeca law. The buildings of the old town are of the classical Magdeburg plan with a distinct market in the plan of a square. The urban shape of the old town is an indicator of the talent, mastery and consistency of many architects and builders working over the centuries. The design of the adjacent tenements is closely co-related, and the atmosphere and character of each street and quarter is preserved.

The non-developed area adjacent to the city walls was filled with orchards and gardens. As years passed, it was partially developed but some parts remain as parks and green areas. The oldest town plan, dating back to 1765, discloses the care of the then inhabitants when it came to the balance between buildings and green areas. Despite so much havoc and ordeal in the past, the town managed to remain clean and well attended. Since the Middle Ages, the town was haunted by frequent fires, wars and pillages. The residents always responded to that with hard work. Houses, churches and bridges were reconstructed. Brick walls, towers and gates were built. A lot of these buildings have been preserved and can still be admired.

The High Gate

Brama Wysoka (High Gate, Polczyñska Gate), like town walls, was erected at the early XIV century. Made of bricks on stone foundations. Two-storey high rectangular building with an ogival gate. Preserved as the only town gate of the original two. Current envelope tile roofing was built at the time of the last general repairs at the close of the XIX century. The gate is approx. 10 m high. The High Gate first appears in the Lubinus town panorama map (1618). Please note that the High Gate with the Mill Gate (is not preserved), the St. Mary’s Church and the town hall in the town center are the highest buildings within the old town walls.
Used as the town jail and a gate-keeper home until the end of the XIX century. Regional Museum from 1924. Currently – the Bialogard art gallery.
A metal stirrup is immured in the High Gate arched passage and visible from the town side. According to a legend, the stirrup belonged to Swidwin unit commander won by the Bialogard townsmen during the Cow Battle in 1469.

The St. Mary Church

Erected in early XIV century, along with town walls. Made of wendish layout bricks on stone foundations. Has seen many fires (1506, 1517, 1677).
A three-nave basilica with a presbytery closed on three sides. A four-storey rectangular tower rises on the western side. A vestry is situated on the north, close to the presbitery, and a chapel at the northern aisle western span. The nave vault is supported by eight-faceted columns. The main nave roof is a span roof, and the aisle roofing is pentroof. The whole roofing is tiled. Thoroughly renovated in 1838-1840. A wide-gate tower with baroque copper dome dates back to 1880.

The main baroque altar (early XVIII century). The pulpit was built in 1688 in a classic Pomorze style. Stained glasswork originates in the early XX century. Internal polychromy is modern. The 1775 Marx organ was made in Berlin and rebuilt in 1913.

From the original five bronze tower bells, four largest were removed in 1917 and smelted for munitions. Current three steel bells were made in 1922.

The St. George Church

Built around XIV century, probably on pagan temple foundations. Probably replaces a chapel and a lazar house, as these were usually located outside town limits. Historical sources let us believe that the new chapel was consecrated at today’s church location by the bishop Otto of Bamberg who visited Bialogard during his Pomorze mission in the year of 1124.

A rectangular structure, made of wendish layout bricks with Gothic elements. Has seen many fires. Significantly rebuilt in 1858. Current appearance results from the last renovation at the turn of the XIX century. Used as an evangelical cemetery chapel until 1945.

Town walls

The only preserved document which shows the town walls original shape in their entirety is the Ackermann plan drawn in August, 1765, after a massive fire of the town center which occurred on July 13 and 14, 1765. Defensive town walls appearance may be partially seen in the Lubinus town panorama map of 1618. The defensive wall ran on the outside of today’s Matejki Street. According to the original course of communication tracts from the south (Polczyn) and the north (Koszalin – now, Zwyciestwa St.) and parallel to the western tract (Kolobrzeg), the town had two main gates – the High (Polczyn) Gate and the Mill Gate (where Staromiejska and Mlynarska streets meet). Entry to the town was provided by additional doors, located in five places in the wall.

The Mill Gate was taken down in 1794. Only the High (Polczyn) Gate at Grottgera Street still exists today. The gate top appearance differs from the original one. The Office Gate at Siemiradzkiego Street is partially re-constructed. This is where the so-called "witches stairs” are preserved. As the legend would have it, the name comes from a nearby tower, where women accused of witchcraft awaited trial.

The 1853 and 1866 cholera outbreaks were directly responsible for taking down the town walls. People attributed the outbreaks to "deadly air” of walled in buildings. At the end of 1868, the town council ordered to take down the wall, leaving only the parts existing today. The wall is built of Gothic bricks (sized at 8.6-9.7 x 12.4-13.4 x 27.0-29.6 cm) of wendish layout and stone foundations. The wall upper part is 70 cm wide while the lower – 100 cm. Medium height – 8 m.

The wall was supported by 25 rectangular towers opening to the inside and spaced regularly every 23 m. The towers external walls were complete was partially closed blends, three to five at every tower.

In 1994-95, most of the existing fragments of town walls were renovated by the Town Hall and the Province Historical Monuments Office.
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